Text: Kerry Lays Out
If the president would move in
this direction, if he (Bush) would (1) bring in more help from other
countries to provide resources and to (2) train the Iraqis to provide their own security
and to (3) develop a reconstruction plan
that brings real benefits to the Iraqi people, and (4) take the steps necessary to hold elections
next year, if all of that happened, we could begin to withdraw U.S.
forces starting next summer and realistically aim to bring our troops
home within the next four years. John Kerry
Following is the text of Democratic presidential candidate
John Kerry's speech delivered in
PROGRESS) KERRY: I am really honored to be here at
Only a few blocks from here, three years ago, the events of September 11th remind every American of that obligation. That day brought to our shores the defining struggle of our times: the struggle between freedom and radical fundamentalism. And it made clear that our most important task is to fight and to win the war on terrorism.
With us today is a remarkable group of women who lost loved ones on September 11th, and whose support I am honored to have. Not only did they suffer unbearable loss, but they helped us as a nation to learn the lessons of that terrible time by insisting on the creation of the 9/11 Commission.
I ask them to stand, and I thank them on behalf of our country, and I pledge to them, and to you, that I will implement the 9/11 recommendations. Thank you.
In fighting the war on terrorism my principles are straightforward. The terrorists are beyond reason. We must destroy them. As president I will do whatever it takes, as long as it takes, to defeat our enemies.
of people around the world, yearning for a better life, are open to
The greatest threat that we face is the possibility of Al Qaida or other terrorists getting their hands on nuclear weapons. To prevent that from happening we have to call on the totality of America's strength: strong alliances to help us stop the world's most lethal weapons from falling into the most dangerous hands; a powerful military, transformed to meet the threats of terrorism and the spread of weapons of mass destruction; and all of America's power -- our diplomacy, our intelligence system, our economic power, our appeal to the values, the values of Americans, and to connect them to the values of other people around the world -- each of which is critical to making America more secure and to preventing a new generation of terrorists from emerging.
We owe it to the American people to have a real debate about the choices President Bush has made, and the choices I would make and have made, to fight and win the war on terror.
That means that we must have a great and honest debate on
The president claims it is the centerpiece of his war on
terror. In fact,
This month, we
passed a cruel milestone: more than 1,000 Americans lost in
Despite the president's claims, this is not a grand coalition.
Our troops have served with extraordinary bravery and skill and resolve. Their service humbles all of us. I visited with some of them in the hospitals and I am stunned by their commitment, by their sense of duty, their patriotism. When I speak to them, when I look into the eyes of their families, I know this: We owe them the truth about what we have asked them to do and what is still to be done.
Would you all join me? My wife Teresa has made it through the traffic, and I'm delighted that she is here. Thank you. (APPLAUSE)
In June, the president declared, The Iraqi people have their country back. And just last week he told us, This country is headed toward democracy; freedom is on the march. But the administration's own official intelligence estimate, given to the president last July, tells a very different story.
According to press reports, the intelligence estimate totally contradicts what the president is saying to the American people and so do the facts on the ground.
Security is deteriorating for us and for the Iraqis.
Forty-two Americans died in
We are fighting a growing insurgency in an ever-widening war zone. In March, insurgents attacked our forces 700 times. In August, they attacked 2,700 times; a 400 percent increase.
The radical Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, who is accused of complicity in the murder of
Americans, holds more sway in suburbs of
Violence against Iraqis, from bombings to kidnappings to intimidation, is on the rise.
Basic living conditions are also deteriorating.
Yes, there has been some progress. Thanks to the
extraordinary efforts of our soldiers and civilians in
But most Iraqis have lost faith in our ability to be able to deliver meaningful improvements to their lives. So they're sitting on the fence, instead of siding with us against the insurgents.
That is the truth, the truth that the commander in chief owes to our troops and to the American people.
Now, I will say to you, it is never easy to discuss what has gone wrong while our troops are in constant danger. But it is essential if you want to correct the course and do what's right for those troops, instead of repeating the same old mistakes over and over again.
I know this dilemma firsthand. I saw firsthand what happens when pride or arrogance take over from rational decision-making. And after serving in a war, I returned home to offer my own personal views of dissent. I did so because I believed strongly that we owed it to those risking their lives to speak truth to power. And we still do.
Saddam Hussein was a brutal dictator who deserves his own special place in Hell. But that was not -- that was not, in and of itself, a reason to go to war.
The satisfaction that we take in his downfall does not hide
this fact: We have traded a dictator for a chaos that has left
Now, the president has said that he
The first and most fundamental mistake was the president's failure to tell the truth to the American people.
He failed to tell the truth about the rationale for going to war, and he failed to tell the truth about the burden this war would impose on our soldiers and our citizens.
By one count, the president offered 23 different rationales for this war. If his purpose was to confuse and mislead the American people, he succeeded.
His two main rationales, weapons of mass destruction and the Al Qaida-September 11th connection, have both been proved false by the president's own weapons inspectors and by the 9/11 Commission.
And just last week, Secretary of State Powell acknowledged those facts. Only Vice President Cheney still insists that the Earth is flat.
The president also failed to level with the American people
about what it would take to prevail in
At home, the American people are less likely to trust this administration if it needs to summon their support to meet real and pressing threats to our security.
In the dark
days of the Cuban missile crisis, President Kennedy sent former Secretary of
State Dean Acheson to
How many world
leaders have that same trust in
The president now admits to miscalculations in
His miscalculations were not the equivalent of accounting errors. They were colossal failures of judgment, and judgment is what we look for a president.
And this is
all the more stunning, because we're not talking about 20/20 hindsight,
we're not talking about Monday morning quarterbacking. Before the war, before
he chose to go to war, bipartisan congressional hearings, major outside studies
and even some in his own administration, predicted virtually every problem that
we face in
The result is a long litany of misjudgments with terrible and real consequences.
administration told us we would be greeted as liberators; they were wrong. They
told us not to worry about the looting or the sorry state of
They told us we could rely on exiles like Ahmed Chalabi to build political legitimacy; they were wrong. They told us we would quickly restore an Iraqi civil service to run the country, and a police force and an army to secure it; they were wrong.
And the president has held no one accountable, including himself.
In fact, the only officials -- the only officials who've
lost their jobs over
Economic adviser Larry Lindsey said it would cost as much as $200 billion. Pretty good calculation. He was fired.
successful entry into
seriously say this president has handled
KERRY: By any measure, by any measure, the answer is no.
dangers have mounted across the globe. The international terrorist club has
expanded. Radicalism in the
Think about it for a minute. Consider where we were and where we are.
After the events of September 11th, we had an opportunity to bring our country and the world together in a legitimate struggle against terrorists. On September 12th, headlines and newspapers abroad declared that, We are all Americans now.
his policy in
We now know
The president's policy in Iraq took our attention and our resources away from other more serious threats to America, threats like North Korea, which actually has weapons of mass destruction, including a nuclear arsenal, and is building more right now under this president's watch; the emerging nuclear danger of Iran; the tons and kilotons of unsecured chemical and nuclear weapons in Russia; and the increasing instability in Afghanistan.
Today, warlords again control much of that country, the Taliban is regrouping, opium production is at an all-time high and the Al Qaida leadership still plots and plans, not only there, but in 60 other nations.
diverted our focus and our forces from the hunt for those who were responsible
for September 11th in order to invade
We know now
The president's policy in
State Powell admits that
And we know
president's policy in
after 9/11, even in many moderate Muslim countries, like
Two years ago, Congress was right to give the president the authority to use force to hold Saddam Hussein accountable. This president, any president, would have needed that threat of force to act effectively. This president misused that authority.
entrusted to the president purposefully gave him a strong hand to play in the
international community. The idea was simple: We would get the weapons
inspectors back in to verify whether or not
A month before
the war, President Bush told the nation, If we have to
act, we will take every precaution that is possible. We will plan carefully. We
will act with the full power of the
Instead, the president rushed to war, without letting the weapons inspectors finish their work. He went purposefully, by choice, without a broad and deep coalition of allies. He acted by choice, without making sure that our troops even had enough body armor. And he plunged ahead by choice, without understanding or preparing for the consequences of postwar. None of which I would have done.
Yet today, President Bush tells us that he would do everything all over again the same way.
How can he
possibly be serious? Is he really saying to
resoundingly, no, because a commander in chief's first responsibility is to
make a wise and responsible decision to keep
Now the president is looking for a reason, a new reason to hang his hat on -- it's the capability to acquire weapons.
Well, ladies and gentlemen, my fellow Americans, that was not the reason given to the nation, that was not the reason the Congress voted on. That is not a reason today; it is an excuse.
Thirty-five to 40 countries have greater capability to build a nuclear bomb
I would have personally concentrated our power and resources on defeating global terrorism and capturing Osama bin Laden.
I would have tightened the noose and continued to pressure and isolate Saddam Hussein -- who was weak and getting weaker -- so that he would pose no threat to the region or to America.
The president's insistence that he would do the same thing
all over again in
It is time, at long last, to ask the questions and insist on the answers from the commander in chief about his serious misjudgments and what they tell us about his administration and the president himself.
All across this country, people ask me and others, what we should do now every stop of the way. From the first time I spoke about this in the Senate, I have set out a specific set of recommendations from day one, from the first debate until this moment. I have set out specific steps of how we should not and how we should proceed.
But over and over, when this administration has been presented with a reasonable alternative, they have rejected it and gone their own way. This is stubborn incompetence.
It's time to
recognize what is and what is not happening in
weekend, a leading Republican, Chuck Hagel, said
that, We're in deep trouble in
Republican leaders like Dick Lugar and John McCain have offered similar assessments.
We need to
turn the page and make a fresh start in
First, the president has to get the promised international support so our men and women in uniform don't have to go it alone.
Last spring, after too many months of delay, after reluctance to take the advice of so many of us, the president finally went back to the U.N., and it passed Resolution 1546. It was the right thing to do, but it was late.
resolution calls on U.N. members to help in
But guess what? Three months later, not a single country has answered that call, and the president acts as if it doesn't matter.
And of the 13
billion that was previously pledged to
The president should convene a summit meeting of the world's
major powers and of
Now, is this more difficult today? You bet it is. It's more difficult today because the president hasn't been doing it from the beginning. And I and others have repeatedly recommended this from the very beginning.
Delay has only made it harder. After
insulting allies and shredding alliances, this president may not have the trust
and the confidence to bring others to our side in
But I'll tell you, we cannot hope to succeed unless we rebuild and lead strong alliances so that other nations share the burden with us. That is the only way to be successful in the end.
Second, the president must get serious about training Iraqi security forces.
Secretary Rumsfeld claimed that -- claimed that more
than 210,000 Iraqis were in uniform. This is the public statement to
For example, just 5,000 Iraqi soldiers have been fully trained by the administration's own minimal standards. And of the 35,000 police now in uniform, not one -- not one has completed a 24-week field training program.
Is it any wonder that Iraqi security forces can't stop the insurgency or provide basic law and order?
The president should urgently expand the security forces'
training program inside and outside of
And he should stop misleading the American people with phony, inflated numbers and start behaving like we really are at war.
Third, the president must carry out a reconstruction plan that finally brings tangible benefits to the Iraqi people, all of which, may I say, should have been in the plan and immediately launched with such a ferocity that there was no doubt about America's commitment or capacity in the very first moments afterwards. But they didn't plan.
He ignored his own State Department's plan, he discarded it.
Last week, the
administration admitted that its plan was a failure when it asked Congress for
permission to radically revise the spending priorities in
One year ago, this administration asked for and received $18 billion to help the Iraqis and relieve the conditions that contribute to the insurgency. Today, less than $1 billion of those funds have actually been spent. I said at the time that we have to rethink our policies and set standards of accountability, and now we're paying the price for not doing that.
He should use more Iraqi contractors and workers instead of big corporations like Halliburton.
In fact, he should stop paying companies under fraud investigation or corruption investigation. And he should fire the civilians in the Pentagon who are responsible for mismanaging the reconstruction effort.
Fourth, the president must take immediate, urgent, essential steps to guarantee that the promised election can be held next year. Credible elections are key to producing an Iraqi government that enjoys the support of the Iraqi people and an assembly that could write a constitution and yields a viable power-sharing agreement.
Because Iraqis have no experience in holding free and fair elections, the president agreed six months ago that the U.N. must play a central role, yet today, just four months before Iraqis are supposed to go to the polls, the U.N. secretary general and administration officials say elections are in grave doubt, because the security situation is so bad, and because not a single country has yet offered troops to protect the U.N. elections mission.
The president needs to tell the truth. The president needs to deal with reality, and he should recruit troops from our friends and allies for a U.N. protection force.
Now, this is not going to be easy. I understand that.
repeat, every month that's gone by, every offer of help spurned, every
alternative not taken for these past months has made this more difficult and
those were this president's choices. But even countries that refused to put
boots on the ground in
We should also intensify the training of Iraqis to manage
and guard the polling places that need to be opened. Otherwise,
If the president would move in this direction, if he would bring in more help from other countries to provide resources and to train the Iraqis to provide their own security and to develop a reconstruction plan that brings real benefits to the Iraqi people, and take the steps necessary to hold elections next year, if all of that happened, we could begin to withdraw U.S. forces starting next summer and realistically aim to bring our troops home within the next four years.
That can achieved.
This is what has to be done. This is what
I would do if I were president today. But we can't afford to wait until January
and I can't tell you what I will find in
President Bush owes it to the American people to tell the
truth and put
that should guide American policy in
That's the right way to get the job done. It always was the right way to get the job done to minimize the risk to American troops and the cost to American taxpayers. And it is the right way to get our troops home.
On May 1st of
last year, President Bush stood in front of a now- infamous banner that read
In fact, the worst part of the war was just beginning, with the greatest number of American casualties still to come.
The president misled, miscalculated and mismanaged every aspect
of this undertaking and he has made the achievement of our objective -- a stable
critical juncture in
I have a plan
The president often says that in a post-9/11 world we can't hesitate to act. I agree. But we should not act just for the sake of acting.
George Bush has no strategy for
George Bush has not told the truth to the American people about why we went to war and how the war is going. I have and I will continue to do so.
I believe the
of George Bush's policy in
If you share my conviction that we cannot go on as we are,
that we can make
It is not a question of staying the course, but of changing the course.
I am convinced that with the right leadership, we can create a fresh start, move more effectively to accomplish our goals.
have served with extraordinary courage and commitment. For their sake, for
Thank you, God
bless you and God bless the